The Book deals with the problem of human
troubles and the remedy therefor.
It begins with the discussion of the so-called causes of man's
trouble- natural, social and mental dealing with the macro-cosmic
and the micro-cosmic worlds, the evolution of the human society
and of the Hindu cast system, and the nature, place and function
of mind in the human constitution. Then, it deals with the
real cause of man's troubles.
Next, it deals on to the problem of knowledge and its acquisition.
Here, it discusses the significance and the aspects of learning;
deals with the ideas, merits and defects of the modern or
the Western, and the ancient or the Eastern particularly Aryan-Systems
of education; leads on to the question of self-culture, touching
open concentration attention or pranayama; and ends with a
chapter on true knowledge.
Then the book discusses the several theories concerning the
origin of the universe, and gives elaborately its one version
of the coming and the progress of the universe. In this connection,
it deal with the make-up of man; his place and purpose in
the universe; the law of action and re-action or Karma; life
and its continuity, and death and life after it.
Finally, the book studies the reality in man or as to 'Who
is a real man?' Then, it considers religion as the means to
release that reality. Here, it studies the origin and nature
of religion and the necessity for it; the relation between
religion and life an religion and sin, discussing the origin
and aspects of sin and its opposite. The book also studies
the question of practical religion, dealing among other things,
with what constitute Atheism and Theism, and the relation
between two; and symbolism, its significance, use and abuse.
In conclusion, it discusses the remedy for human troubles,
explaining what Humanism means and stands for.